People in Namibia

Himba Woman
Located in southern Africa, Namibia is surrounded by Zambia, Angola, Botswana and South Africa. With a population of over 2.1 million, Namibia is o­ne of the least populated countries worldwide, having a population density of about 2.46 people per square kilometer.

As a culturally diverse country, the people in Namibia comprise of black Africans. Several tribes make up the population from the rural areas and urban areas and they include varying types of economies, including farmers, herders, hunters and gatherers, civil servants, traders and many other professionals.

There are about 13 main ethnic groups living together in Namibia, including the major tribes of the Owambo, the Herero, the Himba, the Damaro, the Kavango, the Nama, the Whites and the Bushmen (San). Comprising about 45% of the Namibian population, the Owambo tribe is made up of approximately 8 other ethnic groups. Located in the northern region of the country, their economy consists mainly of pastoral and agricultural means and fishing and hunting. Closely related to the Owambos is the Kavango tribe which comprises of 5 others tribes who are involved in horticulture and husbandry.

Kindergarden in Katutura
One of the oldest tribes is the Herero who are breeders of pastoral cattle. Their closest relatives, the Himbas, are fierce and may be found in the Kunene area of Namibia. o­n the northeastern coast you will find the Damara tribe, o­ne of the oldest, and their economy consists of corn and vegetable cultivation along with some livestock. o­ne of the smallest ethnic groups is the White population, which are mostly Europeans from Portugal and Germany. They comprise of over 75,000 people, the majority of whom are Afrikaans-speaking and professionals.

The people of Namibia are an interesting and diverse group offering rich cultural heritage. Although the official language is English, the majority of the population speaks Afrikaans.